PHILIPPINE TURTLE ISLANDS
MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE
GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
AND THE GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA
ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE
TURTLE ISLANDS HERITAGE PROTECTED AREA
The Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Government of Malaysia hereinafter referred to jointly as "PARTIES" and singly as "PARTY";
RECOGNIZING the significance of the Turtle Islands as a traditional nesting area of the green (Chelonia mydas) and the hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata) turtles;
REALIZING that effective conservation efforts cannot be independently realized at a national level and that bilateral efforts are necessary to ensure the long-term survival of marine turtles in this part of the region;
DESIRING to jointly manage and protect the only remaining major green turtle habitats and population in the Southeast Asian region through a unified approach in the formulation and attainment of the management and protection strategies/goals;
HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:
Subject to their respective laws, the contracting PARTIES
hereby agree to establish the Turtle Islands Heritage Protected Area (TIHPA)
composed of six islands designated by the Philippines: Boaan, Langaan,
Great Bakkungaan, Lihiman, Taganak, and Baguan; and three islands designated
by Malaysia; Palau Selingaan, Palau Gulisaan, and Palau Bakkungaan Kechil
with their corresponding coordinates:
Joint Management Committee
Coordination and Linkages
National Laws and Regulations
Interpretation and Application
The contracting PARTIES shall resolve any differences arising from the interpretation and application of this Agreement through mutual consultation. However, in instances where differences cannot be resolved through consultation, the matter shall be referred to the Philippines-Malaysia Joint Commission for Bilateral Cooperation for resolution.
This Agreement may be amended at any time by mutual agreement of both contracting PARTIES, provided that such amendments shall not prejudice the execution and implementation of existing contracts, projects and programs.
Entry into Force
This Agreement shall enter into force on the date of the exchange of the diplomatic notes indicating that the legal requirements and formalities under the respective laws of the contracting PARTIES have been completed.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the duly authorized representatives of the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Government of Malaysia have signed this Memorandum of Agreement.
DONE at Manila, on the 31st day of May, 1996, in four originals, two each in the Malay and English languages, both texts being equally authentic.
In case of divergent interpretation of the Malay and English texts, the English text shall prevail.
For and on behalf of the For and on behalf of theGovernment of the Philippines Government of Malaysia
Hon. Domingo L. Siason, Jr.
Yb. Datuk Abdullah Haji Ahmad Badawi
CONSERVATION AND RESEARCH PROGRAMMES FORTHE TURTLE ISLANDS HERITAGE PROTECTED AREA
I. TURTLE CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME
II. RESEARCH AND MONITORING PROGRAMME